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Glossary of textile decoration

JACQUARD LOOM

Joseph-Marie Jacquard invented in 1804 this loom that bears his name, and which allows to mechanically weave figured fabrics that used to be hand made. Jacquard looms became generalized around 1830. Today, a fabric made with a Jacquard loom is a coarse and hard wearing woven fabric that can be made from cotton, wool and viscose. Its texture makes it very popular for seat covers. It features geometrical or floral motifs, which are made possible by this loom that allows large-scale or curvy patterns. Example: F2491 Alhambra. See a product

JASPER

Refers to a colour with a variegated quality reminding of that of mineral Jasper. This effect is achieved by using twisted thread made with differently-coloured yarns. The same effect may also be achieved through dyeing.

JERSEY FABRIC

Refers to a type of knit textile named after the Anglo-normand Isle of Jersey. Its stretchy quality makes it very popular for decorating purposes, especially seat upholstery.

JOUY

See “Jouy Print” entry.

JOUY PRINT

Jouy-en-Josas is a city nearby Paris, where the world-famous printed cotton cloth was invented in 1760. Usually coming in a palette of blue, redcurrant, sepia or dark purple motifs on white or off-white background. Christophe-Philippe Oberkampf decided to locate his manufactory by the river Bièvre. Cloth was printed with motifs that were fashionable back then, which were inspired by pastorales, mythology, architecture. Oberkampf hired the most talented artists of his time. Jean-Baptiste Huet was one of them. However, Jouy prints ultimately went out of style, and the manufactory closed down in 1843. The Oberkampf Museum and the Pierre Frey archives keep various Jouy documents. Jouy is perfect for bedrooms and boudoir-like bathrooms. Some Jouy prints have coloured background. * See Printed Calico entry to know more about the ban on printed calicos that lasted until 1759. See a product

JUTE

Refers to a vegetal textile fibre produced from a plant originally coming from India (Calcutta hemp). Its colour ranges from light yellow to brown. When woven, it is a coarse and rugged yet hard-wearing fabric, imported to Europe from India in 1835. Its rustic look lends itself to stencil patterns. Jute may also be adorned with floral motifs and tapestry arabesques. It is also used as lining for rugs and wall to wall carpets. See a product