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Glossary of textile decoration

Oberkampf (1738-1815) :

Christophe-Philippe Oberkampf was born in Germany in 1738. Both his father and grandfather are printers. As a child, his father teaches him his skills and takes him along on his business trips. In 1755, the family settles in Swizterland. In 1758, Charles-Philippe leaves his family to travel and improves his skills in Alsace. That same year, he moves to Paris, where he starts working for Cottin. In 1760, Tavannes offers him a partnership to create a new manufactory in Jouy-en-Josas. Soon, the manufacture becomes very renowned and is granted royal manufactory status in 1783. The manufactory is famous for its monochrome prints, but they are only a small fraction of the overall production (650 monochrome designs compared to over 30,000 polychrome designs for the fashion industry). In 1806, he is awarded the Légion d’Honneur by Napoleon himself. He dies in 1815. His son Emile is his successor as the head of the manufactory. See a product

OFF THE LOOM

In textile jargon, a fabric or knit as it is right after weaving, prior to any other process.

OILPROOFING

Treatment designed to decrease the oil affinity of textile materials, in order to make them less prone to grease stains.

OPEN BACKGROUND LACE

Refers to a freeform needlepoint lace. Venetian lace is the largest and most intricate of all open background laces. It often takes the form of a lace trim for bed sheets, damask table cloths or net curtains. This type of lace is famous for its geometrical effects.

ORGANDY

This fabric takes its name after a city in central Asia where the Arabs and the Chinese already traded as far back as a millennium ago. It is the sheerest cotton cloth made, and it is produced by weaving very thin threads that are twisted several times. It is then stiff finished. Organdy is ideal for embroidered net curtains, table mats and cloths. Its stiff quality and its very good resistance to creasing, as a result of finishing and calendering, are more or less permanent, depending on the treatment underwent.

ORIENTAL/PERSIAN STYLE

This theme incorporates patterns from a vast region of the world that stretches from North Africa to the Middle East and Central Asia, all eras included. Arabian Nights as a main theme… See a product See a selection

OTTOMAN

Refers to a fabric named after a textile that was already popular in Turkey over 500 years ago. It is a fabric with a pronounced ribbed or corded effect, often made of cotton, as Ottoman made of pure silk is very expensive. Sometimes blended with viscose, it may be plain or with large stripes. It is ideal for wall hangings, and most becoming and chic when used to upholster sofas. See a product