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Custom-Made Rug > A Savoir-Faire

Point paper plan for weaving, Wilton loom
A Savoir-Faire
The creation of carpets and rugs is a subtle alchemy between various elements, including design, material or materials, colors and the selected weaving technique.
Our stylists are intimately familiar with the attributes of each material and expertly balance them to create a desired effect. Wool offers natural qualities of resistance, resilience, insulation and comfort, while silk provides sheen and softness while allowing for sophisticated contrast effects. Our teams advise based on the specificities of each individual project.
We also offer our guidance and recommendations in choosing either a traditional or contemporary weaving technique based on the desired decorative effects, use and location.
Manual weaving techniques
Hand-knotted rugs
This type of rug is made by hand on vertical looms. Strands of wool are knotted together one by one between the threads of a sturdy tensioned warp made of wool or unbleached cotton. They follow a design reproduced on cardboard at a 1:1 scale and form the velvet. This operation continues line by line throughout the entire width of the rug. It is carried out in alternation with two weft paths and manual tightening using a comb.
An artisanal technique that dates back to ancient times in Eastern cultures, it was introduced in Europe during the 17th century. This manual weaving technique remains highly prestigious to this day. The characteristic meticulousness of its execution allows for endless creative possibilities in developing the colors and outlines of a pattern.
Flat-woven rugs
The mounting of the warp for this technique is similar to that for the knotted technique. Decorations are woven by hand using discontinuous weft threads to create all sorts of designs and color variations.
This technique has been present in Europe since the early Middle Ages and was used to create wall tapestries for castles and chateaux. During the first half of the 18th century, it was adapted by the Aubusson manufactures for floor use by using thicker weaves.
Hand-tufted rugs and carpets
This contemporary weaving process emerged in the 20th century to reduce turnaround times as compared to hand-knotted pile rugs and carpets.
It allows for great freedom in terms of design and shape with an unlimited number of colors. Rugs are made by hand using an electric gun. This tool allows threads to be introduced into fabric stretched to the dimensions of the rug, on which the design is reproduced. Any rug shape is possible, round or polygonal, thus expanding the field for contemporary expression.
The mixing of materials is facilitated as they are applied independently onto the frame. Wool, silk, linen, synthetic fibers and decorative threads may be combined for even more creative possibilities.
Finally, many finishes are possible, including carving, cut or loop velvet effects, as well as high and low effects.
Weaving techniques on mechanical looms
Wilton weaving
This is considered to be traditional carpet weaving process. It takes its name from the eponymous English town where the first workshops were built in the 18th century.
This mechanical weaving process is performed on a Jacquard loom yet uses a denser weave that was developed for floor use. The use of semi-worsted wool gives these carpets finesse and a luminous sheen when laid out.
The mounting of these looms is complex: the warp threads are arranged, one by one, on reels sorted by color, which are placed on wide frames located behind the loom. This is why narrow widths are woven and then stitched together during installation.
Each design is translated stitch by stitch onto a card adapted for the Jacquard machine.
The Braquenié archives contain one of the richest collections of cards in the world.
Axminster weaving
This technology was developed in England during the Industrial Revolution to reduce the manufacturing costs of carpets. It bears the name of the emblematic city of English carpets.
Shuttleless gripper looms allow wool (an expensive material) to be introduced only into the area where it is required for the decoration, unlike Wilton weaving.
This more economical technique is reserved for productions of large quantities and large widths. The weaves and materials are suited to insentive use, such as in hotels and restaurants.
Point paper plan, which were initially designed for Wilton weaving, may be transposed to Axminster carpet productions as the designs are made up of repetitive patterns and feature a limited number of colors. It is now possible to create large designs with placed patterns that include up to 12 colors.
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