Designed between 1929 and 1932, the Villa Cavrois is the most emblematic work of the architect Mallet-Stevens. Classified as a historic monument in 1990 and then purchased by the State in 2001, this villa is characteristic of modern architecture: stripped volumes, banded windows, absence of ornamentation in the decor, multiplication of roof terraces, use of industrial materials and state-of-the-art equipment (heating, telephone, elevator).
The only building in France by Richard Neutra, maestro of California modernism, this last project of the architect, who died in 1970, is a little known masterpiece. Built in the heart of downtown Croix (North of France) in 1968 for the industrialist Marcel Delcourt, the villa uses the principles of modern architecture to merge the home and the landscape. Its filiform structure, built on a base of filiform posts and beams, the open plan, the large glazed facades, the curtains and the mobile partitions allow a real permeability between interior and exterior. It is listed as a historical monument since July 2000.